arithmetic
• area of mathematics that includes:
 addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, of
 whole numbers, decimals and fractions.
EXAMPLE: long multiplication
common operations
augend + addend = sum
Note: Due to the commutative property of addition,
use of the word ”augend" for the first term in addition
is rarely used today,
and both terms are usually called addends.
minuend − subtrahend = difference
multiplicand × multiplier = product
dividend ÷ divisor = quotient
