Quick Reference ~ A maths Dictionary for Kids by Jenny Eather Email jeather@iprimus.com.au A Maths Dictionary for Kids by Jenny Eather at www.amathsdictionaryforkids.com


multiplication, multiplicand, multiplier

• a mathematical operation where
a number is added to itself a number of times.
• the multiplicand is the number being multiplied and
the multiplier is the number doing the multiplying.
• the answer is called the product or multiple.
• the multiplicand and the multiplier are
both factors of the product.
• multiplication is commutative, that is,
numbers may be multiplied in any order.

EXAMPLE: 2 + 2 + 2 = 2 x 3 or 2, 3 times;
may also be read as 3 lots of 2 or 3 x 2.


long multiplication

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